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LOSE YOUR BREAKFAST WITH LUCA: HEAVY OVERHEAD SQUAT
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your abs are working like mad to stabilize your mid section so that the weight won’t fall on your head.
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Glucosamine for osteoarthritis.Does glucosamine work for treating osteoarthritis? Twenty studies tested over 2500 people with osteoarthritis of the knee or hip. Most of the studies were 2 to 3 months long. To test how well glucosamine works, researchers compared people who had either glucosamine (as a pill or an injection), fake pills or injections, or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
What is osteoarthritis and glucosamine?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis that can affect the hands, hips, shoulders and knees. In OA, the cartilage that protects the ends of the bones breaks down and causes pain and swelling. Drug and non-drug treatments are used to relieve pain and/or swelling. Glucosamine can be found naturally in the body and is one of the building blocks of cartilage. It is thought that taking glucosamine supplements may help stop cartilage breakdown, build cartilage and decrease swelling. But there is debate about its effects.
How well does glucosamine work?
Pain: The high quality studies showed that pain improved about the same whether people took glucosamine or fake pills. If all of the studies are examined (including low quality and old studies), then glucosamine improved pain more than fake pills.
* Pain may improve by 13 more points on a scale of 0 to 100 with glucosamine than with fake pills.
Studies testing only the Rotta brand of glucosamine (including low quality and old studies) showed that glucosamine improved pain more than fake pills.
Function: The high quality studies show that glucosamine improved pain more than fake pills when measured by one type of scale, but improved the same amount as fake pills when measured by another scale. This result is the same whether all of the studies (including low quality and old studies) or whether studies using the Rotta brand of glucosamine are analysed.
How safe is it?
The number of people taking glucosamine who had side effects was about the same as the number who took fake pills. Side effects mainly included stomach upset and other joint pain.
What is the bottom line?
It was shown in a previous Cochrane review that glucosamine taken for 6 weeks decreases pain and improves function (physical ability) in people with osteoarthritis.
When compared to the previous review, this review which analyzes newer studies and more high quality studies, shows there is “platinum” level evidence that pain does not improve as much when taking glucosamine for 2 to 3 months. Depending on the scale used to measure function (physical ability), function may not improve at all or as much.
Glucosamine seems to be safe.